Buying & Selling
The procedure for buying and selling dematerialised securities is similar to the procedure for buying and selling physical securities. The difference lies in the process of delivery (in case of sale) and receipt (in case of purchase) of securities.
In case of purchase:-
- The broker will receive the securities in his account on the payout day
- The broker will give instruction to its DP to debit his account and credit investor’s account
- Investor will give ‘Receipt Instruction to DP for receiving credit by filling appropriate form. However one can give standing instruction for credit in to ones account that will obviate the need of giving Receipt Instruction every time.
In case of sale:-
The investor will give delivery instruction to DP to debit his account and credit the broker’s account. Such instruction should reach the DP’s office at least 24 hours before the pay-in as other wise DP will accept the instruction only at the investor’s risk.
- Dematerialised securities can be traded on those stock exchanges connected to NSDL. At present, NSE, BSE, CSE, DSE, LSE, BgSE, OTCEI, MSE, ISE & ASE are connected to NSDL. At these stock exchanges, two segments would be available to trade in dematerialised securities :
- Unified (erstwhile physical) segment – In this segment delivery obligation can be met by delivering dematerialised or physical securities at the option of the seller. However, for a select list of securities prescribed by SEBI, securities cannot be delivered in physical form in the unified segment, of stock exchanges connected to NSDL. This list presently covers 160 securities. This list has been expanded to cover a total of 200 securities with effect from January 17, 2000. Over a period, this list would cover all actively traded securities.
- Exclusive demat segment – In this segment delivery obligation can be met by delivering dematerialised securities only. Physical securities cannot be delivered in the exclusive demat segment.
Trading in dematerialised securities is done through your broker just like trading in physical securities. After your broker executes the trade, your DP will help to deliver shares to your broker (in case you sell) on the basis of valid instruction given by you to your DP and receive shares from your broker (in case you buy) on basis of valid instruction given by your broker to his DP.
Buy dematerialised securities
- You purchase securities in any of the stock exchanges connected to NSDL through a broker of your choice and make payment to your broker. Make sure you tell your broker you want only demat shares.
- Broker arranges payment to clearing corporation/ clearing house of the stock exchange.
- Broker receives credit in his clearing account with his DP on the pay-out day. He can immediately transfer these securities to your depository account, provided your account is already active.
- Broker gives instructions to his DP to debit his clearing account and credit your depository account.
- You give instruction to your DP for receiving credit in your depository account. If you have given standing instruction to receive credits, no separate instruction for receiving credit will be required.
- If the instructions match, your account with your DP is credited.
Sell dematerialised securities
- You sell your dematerialised securities in any of the stock exchanges linked to NSDL through a broker of your choice.
- You give instruction to your DP for debit of your depository account and credit of your brokers clearing member account at least 24 hours i.e. one working day prior to the pay-in date or before the deadline prescribed by your DP, so that your brokers clearing account is credited at the time arranged with him.
- On the pay-in day, your broker gives instruction to his DP for delivery to clearing corporation/clearing house of the relevant stock exchange.
- The broker receives payment from the clearing corporation / clearing house.
- You receive payment from the broker for the sale in the same manner you would receive payment for a sale in the physical mode.
Points To Remember
- Trading continues to be through brokers. In case of any problem in execution of trade, contact your broker and if he fails to resolve the problem you may contact the stock exchange.
- When you buy securities through the stock exchange, your brokers clearing account is credited to the extent of the securities purchased, on receipt of instruction from clearing corporation/ clearing house of the stock exchange. Your depository account is credited only when your broker gives a delivery instruction to his DP. Securities are not directly credited to your account by the clearing corporation/ clearing house of the stock exchange. In case your broker does not give a delivery instruction, contact him or concerned stock exchange or SEBI. If your depository account is not credited, in spite of your broker giving valid instruction to his DP, contact the DP and if he fails to resolve the same you may contact NSDL.
- When you sell securities, you have to give a delivery instruction to your DP to transfer the securities to your brokers clearing account. They are not automatically debited from your account by NSDL or by the clearing corporation/ clearing house of the stock exchange. In case the DP defaults in executing your instruction, the DP is liable to compensate you for the loss incurred, provided your instruction was in
order and has been submitted to the DP at least 24 hours i.e. one working day prior to the pay-in date or before the deadline prescribed by DP. In case the DP fails to resolve your problem, you can contact NSDL.